Quick Answer: What Are Duties And Obligations?

What do you mean by obligations?

An obligation is a course of action that someone is required to take, whether legal or moral.

These are generally legal obligations, which can incur a penalty for non-fulfilment, although certain people are obliged to carry out certain actions for other reasons as well, whether as a tradition or for social reasons..

What is the task?

task, duty, job, chore, stint, assignment mean a piece of work to be done. task implies work imposed by a person in authority or an employer or by circumstance. charged with a variety of tasks duty implies an obligation to perform or responsibility for performance.

What are the elements of an obligation?

Every obligation has four essential elements: an active subject; a passive subject; the prestation; and the legal tie. The ACTIVE SUBJECT is the person who has the right or power to demand the performance or payment of the obligation. He is also called the obligee or the creditor.

What are the five types of duty?

Types of Customs DutyBasic Customs Duty. Basic custom duty is the duty imposed on the value of the goods at a specific rate. … Countervailing Duty (CVD) … Additional Customs Duty or Special CVD. … Safeguard Duty. … Anti Dumping Duty. … National Calamity Contingent Duty. … Education Cess on Customs Duty. … Protective Duties.

What are some examples of obligations?

The definition of an obligation is something that someone is required to do. An example of obligation is for a student to turn in his homework on time every day. A duty imposed legally or socially; thing that one is bound to do by contract, promise, moral responsibility, etc.

What is the difference between an obligation duty and a responsibility?

An obligation is an act to which an individual is morally or legally bound. … The key difference between obligation and responsibility is that obligation refers to actions that must be fulfilled or performed whereas responsibility refers to an action for which you are accountable.

How do you write job roles and responsibilities?

How to use a roles and responsibilities templateWrite a job description. In the job description section, write a brief paragraph or two that gives an overview of the job role. … Include a list of responsibilities. … Include job qualifications and requirements. … Outline who this position reports to.

Does obligation mean responsibility?

Obligation – an act or course of action to which a person is morally or legally bound. Responsibility – the state or fact of having a duty to deal with something or of having control over someone. Obligation – an act or course of action to which a person is morally or legally bound.

What are the three kinds of obligation?

Different Kinds of Obligation (Primary) (Section 1: Pure and Conditional…Section 1: Pure and Conditional Obligation. … Section 6: Obligation with a Penal Clause. … Section 2: Obligations with a Period. … Section 3: Alternative Obligation. … Section 4: Joint and Solidary Obligations. … Section 5: Divisible and Indivisible Obligation.

What are examples of duties?

Examples of legal duties include:Duty of care.Duty of candour.Duty to defend and duty to settle, in insurance.Duty to rescue.Duty to retreat.Duty to report a felony.Duty to vote (in countries with mandatory voting)Duty to warn.More items…

What is the difference between tasks and duties?

Task is work to be done. Duty is the task to be done as a part of job. … A task would be the thing that requires some kind of action. The duty is the assigned performance to act.

What are key tasks?

n. 1 a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or chore. 2 an unpleasant or difficult job or duty.

How do you use obligations?

1 : something a person must do because of the demands of a promise or contract Make sure you know your rights and obligations before you sign. 2 : something a person feels he or she must do : duty I can’t go because of other obligations.

What are some moral obligations?

Some relatively uncontroversial ones are moral obligations we have towards our friends, family, and to any moral agent in virtue of their being a moral agent. For example, one may have a moral obligation to help a friend, to support a parent in old age, or to minimally respect another’s autonomy as a moral agent.

What are the 5 sources of obligation?

Obligations arise from: (1) Law; (2) Contracts; (3) Quasi‐contracts; (4) Acts or omissions punished by law; and (5) Quasi‐delicts. Sources of Obligations Law — when they are imposed by law itself.

What are sources of duties?

A duty is an obligation to act in a certain way. Though duties arise from various sources, all duties have a moral dimension….Moral obligations arise from three sources: laws, promises and principles.Law-Based Moral Obligations. … Promise-Based Moral Obligations. … Moral Principle as the Basis of Moral Obligation.Dec 13, 2017

What are the duties and responsibilities of an account officer?

Account Officer Responsibilities:Maintaining financial records.Handling accounts payable and receivable.Checking invoices.Resolving accounts to the general ledger.Contacting clients about transactions and invoices.Handling queries related to accounts.

What are the duties and responsibilities of the state to its people?

States have the legal obligation to protect and promote human rights, including the right to social security, and ensure that people can realize their rights without discrimination.

What are universal duties?

Universal Duties: The Responsibility to Protect, the Duty to Prevent (Genocide) and Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations. In: Global Responsibility to Protect.

What are two obligations?

The two obligations, according to Nelson Mandela that every man have in life are:One obligation is towards his family, parents, wife, and children.The other obligation is his responsibility towards his people, community and his country. He calls these the “twin obligations” which a man possessed in his life.Jun 30, 2018